Friday, August 7, 2009

Parts Of Speech

The 8 parts of speech that are used to describe English words are:
Parts of Speech

Noun: A noun is a name of person, place, thing, quality, or act.
Example- toy, book, john, Florida sadness

A noun is the name of a person, place, thing or any thing. Nouns have different types such as Proper and common nouns & abstract nouns.

Kids also can say any naming words, things, places are the nouns.

Nouns are naming words.Its also called subject.

Common noun - A common noun can be any general items which has not any name or any place name. Common noun start with a lowercase letter. Never use a capital letter unless it start with a sentence.

Common Nouns (Things)
Refrigerator, magnet, stove, window, coffee maker, wallpaper, spatula, sink, plate—all of these things are common nouns.

You can say Stove is common noun. But if any sentence has kenmore stove it is not common noun because it has a name.

Common Place-Mall, restaurant, school, post office, backyard, beach, pet store, supermarket, gas station.

Noun Worksheets

Proper Nouns- Proper nouns are words that we use for special or particular people, place, & things.

Example - Woman, Country, Mall are common nouns- These have not any names.
Mary, United States are proper nouns - These have naming nouns. that mean

Proper Nouns(Places)

Starbucks,Simon, Levi's, Big Mac,Roll-O-Rocker, Australia,Captain Richard Orsini, Thomas Edison
Any name- Kristina, Johny, Kiara... etc.
Any week name - Sunday, Monday etc.
Any month name - January, March etc.
Any place name- Florida, United state, Alaska etc.

Capitalization of Proper Nouns
Red Proper Nouns and Blue Common Nouns

Noun Review

Abstract Nouns Abstract nouns that we used to put name on feelings and qualities. These nouns are always ended be ess, sion, tion.
Sadness, Happiness, tiredness etc.
discuss, vision, action, organization & more.

Plural Nouns- Plural nouns are ending with s. Like cat- cats, dog-dogs.

Six rules for plurals

1.The plural of nouns is usually ended by adding - s to a singular noun.

pan pans
cat cats
spoon spoons
flower flowers
hat hats

2.If nouns ending in Y either add s or es or change into ies. If a singular noun ends in y and is come first by a vowel (a, e,i,o,u) the letter s is simply added with no other changes made. monkey + s = monkeys

Ending in Y

baby babies
cry cries
lady ladies
butterfly butterflies
bully bullies
pony ponies
canary canaries
spy spies

Ending in Y come first vowel(a,e,i,o,u)
Monkey Monkeys
Donkey Donkeys
Key Keys
boys boys
ray rays

3.Most nouns ending in f or fe make their plurals with ves.

f or -fe becomes -ves
calf calves
elf elves
half halves
hoof hooves
knife knives
leaf leaves
life lives
loaf loaves
scarf scarfs/scarves
self selves
sheaf sheaves
shelf shelves
thief thieves
wife wives
wolf wolves

4.Nouns that end in ch, sh, s, x, z, form the plural form by adding es
box boxes
fox foxes
bus buses
prize prizes
push pushes
bush bushes
bench benches
wrench wrenches
ranch ranches

5 Most nouns ending in o add s.
kangaroo kangaroos
piano pianos
video videos

6.Certain nouns that end in a consonant and o

hero heroes
potato potatoes
volcano volcanoes

Irregular Plural Nouns
Certain English nouns change a vowel sound when they become plural. These include goose, geese; man, men; mouse, mice; and tooth, teeth.

Some nouns don't change at all when they become plural. These include deer, fish, sheep, and species.

A few nouns have plural forms that are left from Old English. These include child, children and ox, oxen.

Singular and Plural Nouns worksheet
More Singular and Plural Nounsworksheet
Irregular Plural NounsWorksheets

Pronoun-A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. He, She, We,It, They, their, them.

Verbs - Verbs is action word. They describe what someone is doing. There are three types of verbs: action, linking, and auxiliary.

Action Verb
- An action verb expresses action. It shows what a person or a thing does.

She eats her fruits.

Baby is crying.

You are playing with ball. Playing is action word...

Action can be thinking, relaxing,or any action that you notice in the sentence.

Linking Verbs - Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject.

Linking verbs are verbs that show links between subject & verb.

Example - John is tired. The cheese tastes so salty.

is - linking verb & taste is linking verb.

List of Linking Verbs
Be Look Feel
Taste Smell Sound
Seem Appear Get
Become Grow Stay
Keep Turn Prove
Go Remain Resemble
Run Lie
is am are

Auxiliary verbs(helping verbs)Helping verbs or auxiliary verbs such as will, shall, may, might, can, could, must, ought to, should, would, used to, need are used in conjunction with main verbs to express shades of time and mood.

I shall go now.
He had won the election.
They did write that novel together.
I am going now.
# He was winning the election.
# They have been writing that novel for a long time.

List Of Helping Verbs
am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been
have, has, had
shall, will
do, does, did
may, must, might
can, could, would, should

Preposition: A preposition describes the relationship between a noun and another noun (or verb or adverb).
Examples: to, under, for, at, by, from

Click Here for free preposition list.
Free list of Prepostions

Interjection - An outcry or sudden utterance. Usually starts a sentence.
Examples: Wow, Gosh, Darn.

Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Um or Ah!

When excitement happen in the sentence its called interjection.
An interjection is a word used to express some sudden emotion of the mind

Examples: "Ah! there he comes" and "Alas! what shall I do?"
The word 'ah' expresses surprise, and the word 'alas' expresses distress.

Conjunction: A conjunction joins together words, phrases, or clauses.

Examples: and, or, but

AdjectiveAn adjective is a word that describes something.

It can be color, taste, size, type & etc.

When noun or pronouns describe something that are adjectives.
She likes pink purse. Pink is adjective.

Johnny does not like sweet cookies. Sweet is an adjective.
Adjective Worksheets

Adverb - A word that tells more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb.It often ends in "ly".
Examples: carefully, easily, barely,socially, politically, financially, naturally, internally, externally, fraternally, modestly, immediately, shortly, triumphantly.

I can easily solve this math problem. Easily is a adverb.
The dog climbed slowly up the tree. Slowly is a adverb.

Adverbs of place describe where something happens. Most adverbs of place are also used as prepositions.


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